SDL_ConvertAudio

Name

SDL_ConvertAudio -- Convert audio data to a desired audio format.

Synopsis

#include "SDL.h"

int SDL_ConvertAudio(SDL_AudioCVT *cvt);

Description

SDL_ConvertAudio takes one parameter, cvt, which was previously initialized. Initializing a SDL_AudioCVT is a two step process. First of all, the structure must be passed to SDL_BuildAudioCVT along with source and destination format parameters. Secondly, the cvt->buf and cvt->len fields must be setup. cvt->buf should point to the audio data buffer beeing source and destination at once and cvt->len should be set to the buffer length in bytes. Remember, the length of the buffer pointed to by buf should be len*len_mult bytes in length.

Once the SDL_AudioCVT structure is initialized, we can pass it to SDL_ConvertAudio, which will convert the audio data pointed to by cvt->buf. If SDL_ConvertAudio returned 0 then the conversion was completed successfully, otherwise -1 is returned.

If the conversion completed successfully then the converted audio data can be read from cvt->buf. The amount of valid, converted, audio data in the buffer is equal to cvt->len*cvt->len_ratio.

Examples

/* Converting some WAV data to hardware format */
void my_audio_callback(void *userdata, Uint8 *stream, int len);

SDL_AudioSpec *desired, *obtained;
SDL_AudioSpec wav_spec;
SDL_AudioCVT  wav_cvt;
Uint32 wav_len;
Uint8 *wav_buf;
int ret;

/* Allocated audio specs */
desired = malloc(sizeof(SDL_AudioSpec));
obtained = malloc(sizeof(SDL_AudioSpec));

/* Set desired format */
desired->freq=22050;
desired->format=AUDIO_S16LSB;
desired->samples=8192;
desired->callback=my_audio_callback;
desired->userdata=NULL;

/* Open the audio device */
if ( SDL_OpenAudio(desired, obtained) < 0 ){
  fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't open audio: %s\n", SDL_GetError());
  exit(-1);
}
        
free(desired);

/* Load the test.wav */
if( SDL_LoadWAV("test.wav", &wav_spec, &wav_buf, &wav_len) == NULL ){
  fprintf(stderr, "Could not open test.wav: %s\n", SDL_GetError());
  SDL_CloseAudio();
  free(obtained);
  exit(-1);
}
                                            
/* Build AudioCVT */
ret = SDL_BuildAudioCVT(&wav_cvt,
                        wav_spec.format, wav_spec.channels, wav_spec.freq,
                        obtained->format, obtained->channels, obtained->freq);

/* Check that the convert was built */
if(ret==-1){
  fprintf(stderr, "Couldn't build converter!\n");
  SDL_CloseAudio();
  free(obtained);
  SDL_FreeWAV(wav_buf);
}

/* Setup for conversion, copy original data to new buffer*/
wav_cvt.buf = malloc(wav_len * wav_cvt.len_mult);
wav_cvt.len = wav_len;
memcpy(wav_cvt.buf, wav_buf, wav_len);

/* We can delete to original WAV data now */
SDL_FreeWAV(wav_buf);

/* And now we're ready to convert */
SDL_ConvertAudio(&wav_cvt);

/* do whatever */
.
.
.
.

See Also

SDL_BuildAudioCVT, SDL_AudioCVT

SDL_ConvertAudio (last edited 2008-04-17 08:18:21 by localhost)